Approximately 165 seeds per gram. Capsicum annuum Lot# PH31333 Long Thin Red Cayenne is one of the best known hot chili peppers. It is a very productive plant that grows upright on a solid bush type habit and reaches about 45-66 cm (18-26") in height with a spread that reaches 40-45 cm (16-18”) wide. The plant produces high yields of thinly curved and straight emerald green peppers that mature into a wrinkled bright red fruit. Both green and red peppers are hot, although the red ones are going to be the hottest ones. Peppers average 10-15 cm (4-6") long, and 12 mm (½") wide at the shoulder. The thin skinned peppers are easily dried out on strings and processed into a powder when dry. Caution should be exercised with these peppers. (30,000-50,000 SHU)
Start indoors 6-10 weeks before your last spring frost. Sow 4-5 seeds 6 mm (¼”) deep in 10 cm (4”) pots and cover lightly with soil medium and keep soil moist but not too wet. We keep under lights at a temperature of 26.7-29˚C (80-85˚F). Germination rates can vary drastically from 10 days to 21 days. Thin seedlings to 2-3 per pot. Once seedlings develop their second set of true leaves, prune the first set of true leaves. Pruning the leaves forces secondary growth and creates a bushier plant. We do this on several leaf sets. If seedlings become too leggy, place them in a cooler location. This will slow them down and make their stems thicker. Transplant seedlings when soil has warmed up to 15.6-18˚C (60-65˚F). Plant transplants 30-45 cm (12-18”) apart in rows or blocks each way.
Note: Peat pots are not recommended for germinating peppers. The pH may be too high and peat pots retain a lot of water that may drown the seeds.
Soil Conditions: Well worked rich, loose and well-drained soil. Ideal pH: 5.5-6.8
Planting Depth: Sow seeds 6 mm (¼) deep.
Germination: 14-21 days.
Height at Maturity: Plants reach of 45-66 cm (18-26") tall. Compact bush habit. Spread can be 40-45 cm (16-18”) wide.
Days to Maturity: 75 days green – 90 days red.
Watering: Peppers require about 2.5 cm (1”) of water per week. Allow water to completely soak the soil 15-20 cm (6-8”) deep. This will ensure good growth, whether vegetables are grown in single hills or wide rows. The amount of rain that falls during the week will help supplement how much you should water your garden. Soil should remain moist.
Sun/Shade: Full Sun
Spacing after Thinning: Plant transplants 30-45 cm (12-18”) apart in rows or blocks each way.
Additional Information Long Thin Red Cayenne peppers are considered ‘moderately hot’ with their 30,000-50,000 SHU rating. They are a very flavorful chili pepper with a good kick. When peppers are done growing they will pull off the plant very easily. If they don't come off easily they are still growing. Slice peppers up and freeze them in a container for use as fresh peppers on pizza, soups and salads or use a dehydrator and dry them. We freeze and dry all our peppers for a variety of uses. Harvesting “Hot Peppers” is task that is best completed wearing latex or rubber gloves to prevent any accidents. Hot peppers contain organic chemicals called capsaicinoids which can burn sensitive skin, your eyes, your mouth, and other sensitive areas. Use a good pair of scissors to cut the peppers from the bush. Picking them off usually will result in breaking off branches. To prolong a pepper harvest, cut peppers from the plant regularly.