Approximately 120-180 seeds per gram. Capsicum annuum Lot# PH31409 Corno di Toro (Bulls Horn Pepper) is an Italian Heirloom. It produces an abundant amount of sweet shiny peppers that curve slightly resembling the shape of a bull’s horn. Peppers start off green and mature into a brilliant deep red. Peppers average between 20-25 cm (8-10”) long and get quite thick at the shoulders; 6-8 cm (2½-3”) wide. Very sweet, crisp and flavorful. Plants are extremely productive and become quite heavily laden with peppers and should be staked and tied. Plant height averages around 41-61 cm (16-24”) tall, but can achieve 91 cm (3’) under ideal growing conditions.
Start indoors 6-10 weeks before your last spring frost. Sow 4-5 seeds 6mm (¼”) deep in 10cm (4”) pots and cover lightly with soil medium and keep soil moist but not too wet. We keep under lights at a temperature of 26.7-29˚C (80-85˚F). Germination rates can vary drastically from 10 days to 21 days. Thin seedlings to 2-3 per pot. Once seedlings develop their second set of true leaves, prune the first set of true leaves. Pruning the leaves forces secondary growth and creates a bushier plant. We do this on several leaf sets. If seedlings become too leggy, place them in a cooler location. This will slow them down and make their stems thicker. Transplant seedlings when soil has warmed up to 15.6-18˚C (60-65˚F). Plant transplants 30-61cm (12-24”) apart in or blocks each way.
Note: Peat pots are not recommended for germinating peppers. The pH may be too high and peat pots retain a lot of water that may drown the seeds.
Height at Maturity: Plants reach 45-61 cm (18-24") tall. Compact bush habit. Spread can be 41cm (16”) wide.
Days to Maturity: 75-85 days.
Watering: Peppers require about 2.5cm (1”) of water per week. Allow water to completely soak the soil 15-20cm (6-8”) deep. This will ensure good growth. The amount of rain that falls during the week will help supplement how much you should water your garden. Soil should remain moist.
Sun/Shade: Full Sun
Spacing after Thinning: Plant transplants 30-61cm (12-24”) apart in rows or in blocks each way.
Additional Information: Corno di Toro is a sweet pepper type that is fairly low maintenance and quite easy to grow, as long as a level of basic care is provided throughout the year. Use a good pair of scissors or snippers to cut the peppers from the bush. Picking them off usually will result in breaking off branches. To prolong a pepper harvest, cut peppers from the plant regularly. Peppers are susceptible to rot, blossom end rot, anthracnose, tobacco mosaic virus, bacterial spot, and mildew. Keep these in check and rotate pepper crops to different areas. Plant disease-resistant varieties. Keep the garden clean and free of weeds where pests and diseases can shelter. Destroy and dispose of infected plants before disease can spread. Aphids, cutworms, and flea beetles are common pests for most garden plants and there are a variety of techniques and solutions for these, including a mild soap spray and the use of a water stream to remove aphids.
Pepper seeds can be dipped in a dilute hydrogen peroxide mix (1 tsp hydrogen peroxide per cup water) for one minute to disinfect seeds prior to planting- this process helps get rid of any unwanted or potential bacterial or fungi that may be hitch hiking on your seeds. If your soil or seed sprouting setup is susceptible to mold growth this can be useful to kill mold spores.